In 1865, Fredrik Idestam established a wood-pulp mill, it is now known as the Nokia Corporation. It was in the south western Finland town called Tampere but was later relocated to Nokia town so that the company can use the Nokianvirta River. This river is believed to have better hydropower production. The river is where the company’s name, Nokia, originated. At the beginning of the 20th century, Finnish Rubber Works began establishing its factories. This company acquired the Nokia Wood Mills and also acquired a company producing telegraph and telephone cables, the Finish Cable Works. The merging of these three companies in 1967 led to the creation of the Nokia Corporation.
Nokia tried producing many products like bicycle, papers car tires,Foot wear personal computers, , communication cables, electricity generation machineries, televisions, aluminum, capacitors, and a lot more. Nokias Cable Work’s Electronics department started to conduct research into semiconductor technology in the 1960s. This was the beginning of Nokia’s journey into telecommunications. Cable Work’s Electronics department started to conduct research into semiconductor technology in the 1960s. Nokia entered in to telecommunications.
In 1970, digital phone developed by Nokia, replacing the traditional analog electro mechanical switches. This allowed for computer-controlled exchanges. The digital switch was built on Intel microprocessor. At the same time, new legislation allowed the Finnish telecommunications authorities to set up a mobile network for car phones that was connected to the public net. At the same time , development of a mobile network began. NMT (Nordic Mobile Telephony), this system was launched in 1981. Nokia had an important role in the development of the protocols and the network (which was analog). In the beginning of the 1980s, a new standard was launched, GSM (Global System for Mobile communication was quick to jump on the bandwagon, and started developing GSM mobile phones.
During the 1980s, Nokia’s operations rapidly expanded to new business sectors and products. The strategy was to expand rapidly on all fronts. In 1988, Nokia was a large television manufacturer and the largest information technology company in the Nordic Countries. During the deep recession in Finland at the beginning of the 1990s, the telecommunications and mobile phones divisions were the supporting pillars of the Nokia. Despite the depth of the recession, Nokia came to its feet quickly as the company started streamlining its businesses. In May 1992 Nokia made the strategic decision to divest its non-core operations and focus on telecommunications. The company’s 2100 series phone was an incredible success. In 1994, the goal was to sell 500,000 units. Nokia sold 20 million.
Nokia employs more than 60,000 people all over the world. Nokia invests 8.5% of net sales in research and development. Nokia has their annual Nokia Game – a genius marketing stunt gaining them massive attention. Slowly and steadily, Nokia became a large television manufacturer and also the largest information technology company in the Nordic countries. During the economic recession the Nokia was committed to telecommunications. The 2100 series of the production was so successful that in spite of its goal to sell 500,000 units, it marvelously sold 20 million. Presently, Nokia is the number 1 production in digital technologies; it invests 8.5% of net sales in research and development. Also has its annual Nokia Game.
Today, Nokia is a world leader in digital technologies, including mobile phones, telecommunications networks, wireless data solutions and multimedia terminals
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PACIFIC OCEAN (Dec. 5, 2014) The Orion crew module is in the well deck of the amphibious transport dock ship USS Anchorage (LPD 23). Navy divers assigned to Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit (EODMU) 11 and Mobile Diving and Salvage Company 11‐7, recovered the module during the Orion Program’s first exploration flight test, EFT-1. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Gary Keen/Released)
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