Nokias foundations, incredible as it may appear, lie in the cable, rubber and paper industries. A Finnish Engineer by the name of Fredrik Idestam established a paper mill besides the river Nokianvirta, in southern Finland and soon attained success with the burgeoning requirement for cardboard and paper through the industrial revolution. Soon after, Finnish Rubber Works was opened in the same area, assuming Nokia as a brand name for a few of its rubber products including footwear and tires. It invested cleverly and obtained majority shares in Finnish Cable Works, a business opened in the early twentieth century, which attained success in the post World War II age due to a burgeoning requirement for telephone and electric related services.
The exact initiation of Nokias mobile business can be followed to 1960 when Finnish Cable Works started its first electronics division, whose number one function was to retail and work computers. After a short while, Finnish Cable Works and Finnish Rubber Works combined to establish the Nokia Group. At this time the electronics division contributed less than five percent of entire profits and it was not until the eighties that Nokias mobile venture really commenced to expand.
The era of mobile phones began in 1981 when the primary international cellular network, Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT), was initiated and Europe had by then deregulated its telecommunication industry. Morbia Oy, a joint venture between Nokia and a top Finnish television fabricator, introduced its first portable phone, the Morbia Talkman, followed by the Morbia Cityman, the original hand held phone that could be used on the Nordic network. By the end of the 1980s Nokia was well positioned to head the world in mobile communication.
The early part of the 1990s viewed the birth of the Global System for Mobile Communication or GSM and Nokia was used to make the first GSM call ever in the history of mankind. It was at this time that Nokias leading management decided to deliberately concentrate fundamentally on telecommunication and dissipate its other unimportant business units. The period was a extraordinary one for Nokia with chief occasions such as the inauguration of its first GSM phone, the introduction of the famous Nokia Tune and Snake game and the debut of the worlds first Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) phone equipped to browse the internet. But most vitally, Nokia was now the overall leader in the mobile phone sector having quickly introduced a barrage of well-branded models.
Nokia continued its lead in the twenty first century with the inauguration of its primary 3G phone in 2002. 3G services granted mobile users to get hold of more unconventional services including wireless internet and video calls. Gaming and multimedia had also become a considerable industry and Nokia added multiplayer gaming options in its more progressive phones like the N-Gage, while the admired N series satisfied the different video and audio wants of its staunch consumers. By 2005 Nokia had sold in excess of one billion phones just about half the number of global cellular subscriptions of two billion.
At the moment Nokia is acknowledged as the one of the most valued companies globally with profitable businesses in mobile phones, wireless data services, multimedia terminals and telecommunication networks. It has continuously brought in modern services like the Ovi, a website which permits users to download informative Nokia applications and save and transmit digital data, all through the years to augment the consumer experience. No wonder numerous Nokia cell phone users across the globe look at it not just as a mobile phone, but a crucial part of our daily lives.
Image by Julia d** P** K****
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