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Global Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) Market – Forecasts and Trends (2015 – 2020)

Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) offer wireless communications service that does not acquire its own network infrastructure. It offers wireless communication by agreements with the mobile network operators which already exist. These companies obtain bulk access to the mobile communication network at set retail prices and wholesale rate for their consumers. Mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) can have customer service centers, billing systems, sales and marketing personnel of their own.

Recently MVNOs are emerging in rapidly in European markets and also establishing in the US. Moreover, countries such as the France, UK and Germany have a strong MVNO support, and this market is estimated to witness growth over the next six years.

The global mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) market is expected to witness compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.86% from 2015 to 2020.

The key MVNO operating in the U.S is TracFone Wireless. Latin America and Asia Pacific markets are projected to grow at a significant rate over the estimate period. Furthermore, market players are also looking towards Middle East and Africa countries to establish themselves as MVNOs for the next six years.

Rising advancements in technology such as 4G and LTE infrastructure are estimated to offer new avenues to the mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) market. On the other hand, market growth is hampering due to lack in expertise over the upcoming years. Further, MVNO Companies Low Profit Margins, and Reduced Tariffs are also considered as the market restrains.

The global mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) market has been segmented in terms of types, services, application, and geography. On the basis of types market is categorized as reseller, service operator, and Full MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator). Further, the mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is broadly divided as Sales Service, Administering Mobile Service, marketing Mobile Service and Customer Service, in terms of services.

Some of the key vendors mentioned in the report are Lebara Group, KDDI Mobile, TracFone Wireless Inc., FRiENDi Mobile, Boost Mobile, Virgin Mobile USA, Tesco Mobile Ltd., and others.

Mordor Intelligence understands the need of unique information requirement in today’s fast-paced and competitive business environment, helping you gain the edge over your competition. To download visit Global Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) Market

Bryant Park, late Apr 2009 – 21
Mobile Communication
Image by Ed Yourdon
The young woman here is beautiful, and I love the reflection of the keyboard in her sunglasses … but I gotta tell ya: the combination of grass and green-glow on the back of her laptop is out of this world. I have to admit that I used some color saturation to pump up the colors a little … but not much. This photograph made itself: I just happened to be in the right place, at the right time, to point my camera in the right direction and push the shutter-button…

Note: this photo was published in a May 26, 2009 blog titled "Memorial Day Weekend Link Love." And it was published in a June 3, 2009 blog titled "THE NEW COMMENTARIAT." It was also published in a Jun 25, 2009 Romanian blog titled "Vom avea wireless în Craiova?" It was also published as an illustration in a Sep 2009 Mahalo blog titled "Bryant Young," at www-dot-mahalo-dot-com-slash-bryant-dash-young, even though it has nothing to do with the football player of that name….

Moving into 2010, the photo was published in a Jan 15, 2010 blog titled "Die Fußball WM live auf dem Laptop: Aber wie?" And it was published in a Mar 5, 2010 blog titled "Two Simple Ways to Make Every Action Count." It was also published in a Jun 27, 2010 blog titled " „Isch hab Rücken!“ – mit dem Laptop auf dem Boden sitzen." And it was published in a Jul 6, 2010 blog titled "7 Ways To Bump Your Frequent Flyer Earning Up A Notch." It was also published in a Jul 7, 2010 blog titled "Know Your Laptop’s Temperature Limits to Avoid Summer Meltdowns." And I just discovered that the photo was published in a May 26, 2010 blog titled "Memorial Day Weekend Link Love." It was also published in a Jul 9, 2010 blog titled "Links: Let Your Mind Wander, Credit Cards, Paranoid Collaborators, and More." And it was published in a Jul 11, 2010 blog titled "Modern Muses," as well as a Jul 20, 2010 blog titled "What Does It Mean to be a Nomad?" It was also published in a Jul 24, 2010 blog titled "夏の外出でパソコンを持ち歩く時に気をつけるべき9つのポイント,"which I think means "Summer Laptop" And it was published in a Sep 2, 2010 blog titled "5 Essential Web Marketing Tools for Small Green Businesses." It was also published in a Sep 10, 2010 blog titled "No mundo online." And, for no obvious reason at all, it was published in a Sep 30, 2010 blog titled "credit card programs, which is better, cash back (i.e. 4% on American Express) or frequent flyer miles bonus?" It was also published — again, for no obvious reason — in an Oct 13, 2010 "Credit Card Trends Daily" blog titled "Discover How To Maximize the Potentials of a Low APR Credit Card." And it was published in a Nov 1, 2010 blog titled "The Secret to Doing Your Best Work Effortlessly , as well as a Nov 2, 2010 blog titled "Thing 11: My Flickr Experience." It was also published in an undated (mid-Nov 2010) blog titled "Make Travel a Part of Your Life Again with Airline Miles Credit Cards." It was also published in an undated (late Nov 2010) blog titled " Make Travel Affordable and Easy with Airline Miles Credit Cards." And it was published in an undated (Dec 2010) blog titled "Are You One of the Millions That Could Benefit from an Airline Miles Credit Card?" It was also published in an Dec 19, 2010 blog titled "Airline Miles Credit Card Comparison," and it was published in a Dec 23, 2010 blog titled "Idée cadeau : Vivre léger."

Moving into 2011, the photo was published in a Feb 20, 2011 Polish blog titled "Prowadzisz fan page? Sprawdź, czy Twoja aktywność nie trafia w próżnię," as well as a Feb 20, 2011 Girl Log blog , with the same caption and detailed notes that I had written on this Flickr page. It was also published in a Feb 22, 2011 blog titled "WNBA’s L.A. Chapter Presents Bookwoman Day On Saturday." And it was published in a Mar 11, 2011 blog titled "Top 10 Reasons to Work Online." It was also published in an Apr 1, 2011 Work At Home Careers blog, with the same caption and detailed notes that I had written on this Flickr page. And it was published in an Apr 4, 2011 blog titled "당신의 길을 가라." It was also published in an Apr 8, 2011 blog titled "Internet gratuit, c’est possible!", as well as an Apr 11, 2011 blog titled "Enola the Welder, Woman Welder at Heil Company." And it was published as an illustration in an undated (late Apr 2011) Book Drum website. It was also published in an Apr 25, 2011 blog titled "What Kind Of Blogs Do Women Love?" as well as an Apr 25, 2011 blog titled "Article Marketing Domination Review: The Definative Resource For Article Marketing." And it was published in an Apr 26, 2011 blog titled "„The innere Schweinehund does not live here anymore“." And it was published in an Apr 30, 2011 blog titled "MacBook Air battery better than advertised." It was also published in a May 4, 2011 blog titled "How To Keep Your Laptop Cool." And it was published in an undated (late May 2011) blog titled "8 Reasons I Love My Laptop." It was also published in a May 25, 2011 blog titled "i2011年夏モデルが出そろったので検討してみた."

Moving into June, the photo was published in a Jun 3, 2011 blog titled "3 Things I’ve Learned about Blogging – And Life," as well as a Jun 9, 2011 Marketing-En-Web blog, with the same caption as what I had written on this Flickr page. And it was published in a Jun 13, 2011 blog titled "トップへデスクトップパソコンパソコン関連." It was also published in a Jun 17, 2011 blog titled "ノートパソコン使用時の姿勢の直し方を示した動画," as well as a Jun 17, 2011 blog titled "8 Personal Finance Basics to Tackle NOW." It was also published in a June 10, 2011 blog titled "The Real Social Life of Wireless Public Spaces." And it was published in a Jun 27, 2011 blog titled "„Isch hab Rücken!“ – mit dem Laptop auf der Wiese sitzen, as well as a Jun 28, 2011 blog titled "Taking your blog mobile: are you geared up?," as well as a Jun 28, 2011 Page i blog titled "Mac Book Airの販売は近い? 米Best Buyで販売一時停止." It was also published in a Jul 11, 2011 e-Portalik blog titled "Play: Więcej Internetu dla abonentów, nowe modemy." And it was published in a Jul 29, 2011 blog titled "Apple now has more cash than the US Government."

Moving into 2012, the photo was published in a Jan 15, 2012 blog titled "Nice Credit Card With Cash Back photos." It was also published in a Jan 23, 2012 blog titled "アメリカの若者たちの間で“愛の証”としてパスワードを共有することが流行." And it was published in a Jan 31, 2012 blog titled "Where Do I Start? How to Stop Dreaming and Get Moving" It was also published in a Feb 3,2012 blog titled "WM3600Rがあまりにも優れているので前機種WM3500Rとライバル機種URoad-8000を比較してみた," as well as a Feb 3, 2012 Nice Online Learning photos blog, with the same caption and detailed notes that I had written on this Flickr page. And it was published in a Feb 10, 2012 Gizmodo blog titled "An Apple Patent for Displays That Optimize Themselves According to Your Surroundings." It was also published in a Mar 9, 2012 blog titled "How I Use Technology When I’m Traveling." And it was published in a Mar 15, 2012 blog titled "5 Reasons Not to Delete Your Emails." It was also published in a Mar 28, 2012 blog titled "Benefits of a Merchant Account for your Online Store." It was also published in an Apr 15, 2012 blog titled "5 FAQ about sunglasses," as well as an Apr 16, 2012 blog titled "E voi fate vedere il vostro profilo Facebook ai vostri figli?", as well as an Apr 19, 2012 blog titled "Googling Your Symptoms Will Make You Sick," and an Apr 20, 2012 blog titled "tSurvival Survey: What is your weekend prepping project?" It was also published in an Apr 30, 2012 blog titled "144 Places to Educate Yourself Online for Free," and it was published in a May 2, 2012 blog titled "Universities introduce distance-learning courses." It was also published in a May 24, 2012 blog titled "TWITTERFITTER – DEN NYE FEMINISMEN," as well as a May 31, 2012 blog titled "Escola virtual d’estiu Espiral." And it was published in an undated (early Jun 2012) Lurvely blog titled, with great imaginative creativity, "Photo by Ed Yourdon," as well as a Jun 1, 2012 Gigazine blog titled "節電でも最も利用を控えたくない家電は年齢・性別問わず「パソコン」." And it was published in what appears to be the home page of an undated (early Jun 2012) blog titled Social Blog Marketing. It was also published in an undated (early Jun 2012) blog titled "How to make money online by outsourcing data entry projects," as well as an undated (early Jun 2012) Colorado Springs Information Center blog titled "A Fresh Start To Finding A Job." It was also published in a Jun 21, 2012 blog titled "6 Little-Known Facts that Could Affect Your Air Miles." And it was published in a Jun 28, 2012 blog titled "Offenes WLAN in Zürich: Die Stadt will sparen und ein Netz wie in Bern."

Moving into the second half of 2012, the photo was published in a Jul 1, 2012 blog titled "Tlc: gli operatori europei vogliono adeguati ritorni sugli investment." And it was published in a Jul 3, 2012 blog titled "How To Run Your Blog While You Are on the Move." It was also published in a Jul 8, 2012 PolySquare blog titled (I think) "엮인글 주소가 복사되었습니다." And it was published in a Jul 19, 2012 blog titled "Jugendliche sind immer länger online," as well as a Jul 19, 2012 blog titled "Where to find free wifi at the London Olympics." It was also published in a Jul 28, 2012 blog titled "What You’re Actually Looking At When You Look At Facebook." And it was published in a Sep 2, 2012 blog titled "What Every Business Owner Should Understand About Article Marketing!" It was also published in a Sep 8, 2012 blog titled "Ask The Trainers: What Is Your Best Low (or no) Cost Marketing Tactic?" And it was published in a Sep 13, 2012 blog titled "Online-Shops: der Vergleich." I’ve discovered that it was also published in a Sep 5, 2012 blog titled "Online Reputation Management for Sex Bloggers." It was also published in an Oct 3, 2012 blog titled "Wat zoekt Generatie Y?", as well as an Oct 21, 2012 blog titled "Le paradox Facebook." And it was published in an Oct 15, 2012 blog titled "http://www.bloggingbistro.com/two-new-social-networks-to-try-recmnd-me-and-pocular/." It was also published in a Nov 13, 2012 blog titled "Varied Article Marketing Techniques to Try With Your Business." And it was published in an undated (mid-Nov 2012) blog titled "Legitimate Work From Home Jobs." It was also published in a Dec 5, 2012 blog titled "Ask LH: Can I Leave My Gadgets In A Hot Car?" And it was published in a Dec 29, 2012 blog titled "Work from home in your own online business."

Moving into 2013, the photo was published in a Jan 4, 2013 blog titled "Learn How To Make Your Article Submission A Big Success With These Tips." And it was published in a Jan 15, 2013 blog titled "10 erros comuns nos blogs." It was also published in a Jan 22, 2013 blog titled "Guest Post: New Year, New Career," as well as a Jan 25, 2013 blog titled "You Need Great Content If You Want Your Article To Succeed." And it was published in a Feb 8, 2013 Italian blog titled "Esserci o non esserci… sul web – 1^ Parte." It was also published in a Feb 10, 2013 blog titled "Making Long Distance Relationships Work." And it was published in a Feb 11, 2013 blog titled "Hack Like a Pro: How to Remotely Install a Keylogger onto Your Girlfriend’s Computer," as well as a Feb 16, 2013 blog titled "Lent Reflection: Focusing on Work and Rest." It was also published in a Feb 19, 2013 Finnish blog titled "Näin synkronoit Lumiasi Mac-tietokoneen kanssa." And it was published in a Feb 27, 2013 blog titled "Will MOOCs be the End of the College Campus?" It was also published in a Mar 1, 2013 blog titled "病気の発症にも影響!?情報化社会を生きるあなたが病気から自分を守るスキル“健康リテラシー”." And it was published in a Feb 27 , 2013 blog titled "Will MOOCs be the End of the College Campus?" It was also published in a Mar 22, 2013 blog titled "72% Of Professors Who Teach Online Courses Don’t Think Their Students Deserve Credit," as well as a Mar 23, 2013 blog titled "Když ovládnete svoji mysl, ovládnete svůj život." And it was published in a Mar 27, 2013 Dutch blog titled "MOOC’s hype of heilige graal?" It was also published in an Apr 2, 2013 blog titled "30 sources to keep you updated on business and marketing," and an Apr 3, 2013 blog titled "Blackberry Mobile Phones Technical Gadgets Providing Overwhelming Functionalities," as well as an Apr 4, 2013 blog titled "Job Searching Tips When Moving to Tasmania." And it was published in an Apr 21, 2013 blog titled "Zarabiaj na poradnikach internetowych!," as well as an Apr 25, 2013 blog titled "WO dynamisch masculien," and an Apr 26, 2013 blog titled "The Importance of Your Online Reputation."

Moving on, the photo was published in a May 1, 2013 blog titled "Here’s More Proof It’s Time To Switch To An Online Bank." And it was published in a May 2, 2013 blog titled "Veränderung durch Digitalisierung der Entwicklung." It was also published in an undated (mid-May 2013) blog titled "10 Reasons To Start a Travel Blog." And it was published in a May 15, 2013 blog titled "Does your PR Agency Know How to Connect?", as well as a May 16, 2013 blog titled "The Best Financial Software." It was also published in a May 22, 2013 blog titled "Women Manage Credit Better Than Men, Study Says." And it was published in a Jun 2, 2013 blog titled "Twitter rende più facile modificare il nostro profilo," as well as a Jun 5, 2013 blog titled "Medium is a platform for writers, not readers" and a Jun 5, 2013 blog titled "私なりのGoogle検索順位をアップさせる方法." It was also published in a Jun 11, 2013 blog titled "Leren van online studeren," as well as a Jun 12, 2013 blog titled "Higher Ed, Listen To Your Facebook Fans." And it was published in a Jun 27, 2013 blog titled "子どもができたらプログラミングを習わせたい ," as well as a Jun 27,2013 blog titled "After 10 years, Google purges Blogger of all "adult" sites." It was also published in a Jul 8, 2013 blog titled "Aantal flexwerkers gestegen," and a Jul 12, 2013 blog titled "Online Jobs for Your Teen This Summer," as well as a Jul 22, 2013 blog titled What I like best about being a Spotter….," and a Jul 20, 2013 Slate France blog titled "LES RELATIONS À DISTANCE FAVORISENT L’INTIMITÉ DANS LE COUPLE" and a Jul 22, 2013 blog titled "Как организовать поиск работы в Краснодаре." And it was published in a Jul 26, 2013 Selmicro blog, with the same caption and detailed notes that I had written on this Flickr page. It was also published in an undated (mid-August 2013) blog titled "Get Your Name Out There With These Wonderful Tips." And it was published in a Sep 10, 2013 blog titled "Students Battle School Districts Over First Amendment Rights On Social Media."

Moving into 2014, the photo was the first of my Flickr archives to be published — in a Jan 1, 2014 blog titled "The Evils of Social Media." It was also published in a Jan 10, 2014 blog titled "スモールビジネスを選択する判断基準 10のチェック項目." And it was published in a Mar 13, 2014 blog titled "Outil B2B : le troc entre professionals." And it was published in a May 1, 2014 blog titled "What gives a website game-changer status? Or, how to have a website that sells." It was also published in an Aug 12, 2014 blog titled "More sunlight exposure reduces risk of shortsightedness."

Moving into 2015, the photo was published in an undated (mid-January 2015) German blog titled Jugendliche und Datenschutz in Sozialen Netzwerken

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Mobile Messaging Application- A Revolutionary Trend in The Mobile Communication Industry

The Communication has always been an integral part of people’s personal lives, leading by time to the occurrence and perfection of telegraphy, telephony, airmail, text messaging devices and instant messaging technologies. These days, public or private mobile messaging applications, particularly instant message application developers have leveraged the latest technologies in order to help you reach anyone thousands of miles away in just seconds with the help of matching text message app, chat-based private messaging program available in the largest array of versions and configurations. From traditional means for sending small business related faxes and emails to more customized call center message solutions for large-scale enterprises to the latest choices for high-performance personal use instant messaging application for cell phones, there is an entire world of excellent ways to transmit any kind of information, whether it be text, graphics, audio or video-based, to the desired recipient.

As it is often observed in today’s home use or corporate application market, cheap is not always the best way to go. Without any doubt, you may be fully satisfied with some free message board application to power up your online community website, free text messaging application to chat with college friends, free subliminal message application to boost your self-esteem and confidence or free instant message spy application to ensure your child is not exposed to any kind of abuse, violence or sexual exploitation on the Internet. However, the broadest range of high-end email or instant messaging application solutions offered these days at relatively affordable prices is truly worthy of your attention, if you want to take the best from your chat conversations, email exchanges or private messaging sessions. Message in general is information, which is sent from a source to a receiver by any suitable means of communications; but neither PC-executable private messaging application nor instant messaging application for cell phones implies the use of purely text-based messages. As mentioned above, personal text message application, corporate call center message application or non-business related telephone message application solutions may prepare such information for transmission in any format suitable, i.e. as rich-text messages, facsimiles or voice calls.

Again, in your search for commercial email or instant best message app for Blackberry or iphone etc, as well as some free message board application, free text message app, free subliminal message app or free instant message spy app program, predetermining your exact purpose it is intended to serve and gaining a clearer vision of what benefits these messaging applications can or cannot provide you with, is essential. Just as group paging, character counter or RSS seed editor features may be of crucial importance for you while choosing free text messaging app, various add-ons offered by QuickIM instant messaging apps for cell phones or Beta Brite messaging application for LED digital displays will also require a great part of your attention while choosing the most matching option. In any case, there is not a single public or private messaging application solution available in today’s market, no matter what purposes you have and what device you work with, just make sure to pay enough attention and dedication to making the right selection and take your productivity or entertainment to a significantly new height.

The author is associated with the website Birdsrevolution.com. Birds Revolution is a multiplatform chatting application designed for iPhone, BlackBerry, iPad, Android, Windows Phone as well as desktop users. Rest assured to get the most from unlimited private, safe & secured chatting with your buddies, family without costing a dime.

Communication
Mobile Communication
Image by Xraijs_
Do we have a lot of things going on all the time?
This is what’s going on in my pocket.

E-COMMERCE: ITS Advancement AND Upcoming PERSPECTIVES

E-COMMERCE: ITS Advancement AND Upcoming PERSPECTIVES

Over the final five decades, the entire world has witnessed a thespian advancement in enterprise transactions following technological enhancements. The contribution of engineering and innovation has extended outside of training to include commerce and trade. Continue reading E-COMMERCE: ITS Advancement AND Upcoming PERSPECTIVES

About on Functioning head: Professionals and Con of Genetically modified meals

About on Functioning head: Professionals and Con of Genetically modified meals

Genetically modified foods are foods that have undergone modification by way of specialized genetic engineering strategies along with the intent of bettering their top quality. This is often ideally completed via gene addition typically known as cloning or subtraction as a result of possibly gene removing or inactivation into an organism’s genome. Continue reading About on Functioning head: Professionals and Con of Genetically modified meals

THE Progress AND Potential Standpoint OF E-Business

THE Progress AND Potential Standpoint OF E-Business

E-COMMERCE, in other text, refers to Electronic business. Kenneth and Carol (1944) outlined Electronic digital business as the exploitation of web and website-based modern advances to order and distribute things and assistance online. Bajaj (1999) also suggested that computerized commerce is the exploitation of electrical mass media and low use of cardstock content to carry out business enterprise fun-based activities which focus on getting and providing of goods and offerings . Continue reading THE Progress AND Potential Standpoint OF E-Business

Your Research studies Get Simplier and easier with Quality Essay Writers

Your Research studies Get Simplier and easier with Quality Essay Writers

Dreaming about terrific levels? Hope to be successful in reports? here has arrived to assist you and help you out form completely unique report completely from scratch. All essay writers in your internet business support MA and Ph.D. diplomas in many medical subjects. Thanks to our premium essay writers, you never must pore close to training books all night long longer or to be scared over the approaching time frame. Continue reading Your Research studies Get Simplier and easier with Quality Essay Writers

AS WINSTON CHURCHILL ONCE Stated, “DEMOCRACY Stands Out As The Most unfortunate Shape Of Administration, Except for FOR ALL THOSE Other Styles Which Are Experimented with Occasionally.” Pursuing THIS Declare, Precisely What Is Inappropriate WITH Current DEMOCRACY?

AS WINSTON CHURCHILL ONCE Stated, “DEMOCRACY Stands Out As The Most unfortunate Shape Of Administration, Except for FOR ALL THOSE Other Styles Which Are Experimented with Occasionally.” Pursuing THIS Declare, Precisely What Is Inappropriate WITH Current DEMOCRACY?

Democracy is a exceptional variety fed government wherever all qualified inhabitants are allowed to participate definitely or ultimately (by means of elected agents) while in the tip, growth and production of guidelines. This can be a totally different method of tip using their company forms of governance similar to totalitarianism, dictatorship, Marxism, monarchs, authoritarian, and socialism in this particular all eligible inhabitants provide the sovereign electricity. Continue reading AS WINSTON CHURCHILL ONCE Stated, “DEMOCRACY Stands Out As The Most unfortunate Shape Of Administration, Except for FOR ALL THOSE Other Styles Which Are Experimented with Occasionally.” Pursuing THIS Declare, Precisely What Is Inappropriate WITH Current DEMOCRACY?

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Global Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) Market

Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) offer wireless communications service that does not acquire its own network infrastructure. It offers wireless communication by agreements with the mobile network operators which already exist. These companies obtain bulk access to the mobile communication network at set retail prices and wholesale rate for their consumers. Mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) can have customer service centers, billing systems, sales and marketing personnel of their own.

Recently MVNOs are emerging in rapidly in European markets and also establishing in the US. Moreover, countries such as the France, UK and Germany have a strong MVNO support, and this market is estimated to witness growth over the next six years.

The global mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) market is expected to witness compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.86% from 2015 to 2020.

The key MVNO operating in the U.S is TracFone Wireless. Latin America and Asia Pacific markets are projected to grow at a significant rate over the estimate period. Furthermore, market players are also looking towards Middle East and Africa countries to establish themselves as MVNOs for the next six years.

Rising advancements in technology such as 4G and LTE infrastructure are estimated to offer new avenues to the mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) market. On the other hand, market growth is hampering due to lack in expertise over the upcoming years. Further, MVNO Companies Low Profit Margins, and Reduced Tariffs are also considered as the market restrains.

The global mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) market has been segmented in terms of types, services, application, and geography. On the basis of types market is categorized as reseller, service operator, and Full MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator). Further, the mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is broadly divided as Sales Service, Administering Mobile Service, marketing Mobile Service and Customer Service, in terms of services.

Some of the key vendors mentioned in the report are Lebara Group, KDDI Mobile, TracFone Wireless Inc., FRiENDi Mobile, Boost Mobile, Virgin Mobile USA, Tesco Mobile Ltd., and others.

Mordor Intelligence understands the need of unique information requirement in today’s fast-paced and competitive business environment, helping you gain the edge over your competition. To download this report visit Global Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) Market

Soviet self-propelled gun SU-76. Советская самоходка СУ-76.
Mobile Communication
Image by Peer.Gynt
The SU-76 (Samokhodnaya Ustanovka 76) was a Soviet self-propelled gun used during and after World War II. The SU-76 was based on a lengthened and widened version of the T-70 tank chassis. Its simple construction made it the second most produced Soviet armoured vehicle of World War II, after the T-34 tank.

Crews loved this vehicle for its simplicity, reliability, and ease of use, affectionately calling it suka ("bitch"), Suchka ("little bitch") or Golozhopiy Ferdinand ("bare-arsed Ferdinand") for its layout which recalled the massive Porsche-designed German tank hunter.

History

Design of the SU-76 began in November 1942, when the State Defense Committee ordered the construction of infantry support self-propelled guns armed with the ZiS-3 76.2 mm gun and the M-30 122 mm howitzer. The T-70 chassis was chosen for mounting the ZiS-3 gun, and was lengthened, adding one road wheel per side, to facilitate better gun mounting. The vehicle was completely enclosed by armour.

In the rush for fast completion of the order, a quite unreliable powerplant setup was installed in the first mass produced SU-76s. Two GAZ-202 automobile engines were used mounted in "parallel", each engine driving one track. It was found to be difficult for the driver to control the two engines simultaneously. Moreover, strong vibrations led to early failures of engines and transmission units. After 320 SU-76s had been made, mass production was halted in order to fix the problems. Two chief designers at the GAZ plant, N. A. Astrov and A. A. Lipgart, changed the powerplant arrangement to that of T-70 – the two engines were mounted in tandem on the right hand side of the vehicle. The roof of the compartment was removed for better gun servicing. This modified version, called the SU-76M, began mass production in early 1943. As an interim replacement during the halt of production the SU76i – the 76.2mm gun on captured German tank chassis – were produced.

After the pause, GAZ and two factories in Kirov and Mytishchi produced 13,932 SU-76Ms; the larger part of the order, over 9,000 vehicles, were built solely by GAZ. Mass production of the SU-76M ceased in the second half of 1945. In contemporary accounts SU-76Ms are often referred to in texts, public radio and TV broadcasting as SU-76s with the "M" omitted, due to their ubiquity in comparison with the original SU-76s.[citation needed] The SU-76 was the basis for the first Soviet tracked armoured anti-aircraft vehicle, the ZSU-37. Mass production of the ZSU-37 was continued after SU-76M production ceased. The SU-76M was withdrawn from Soviet Army service after the Second World War ended.
The SU-76M virtually replaced infantry tanks in the close support role. Its thin armour and open top made it vulnerable to antitank weapons, grenades, and small arms. Its light weight and low ground pressure gave it good mobility.

The SU-76M combined three main battlefield roles: light assault gun, mobile anti-tank weapon and mobile gun for indirect fire. As a light assault gun, the SU-76M had good estimation from Soviet infantrymen (in contrast with their own crews). It had more powerful weapons than any previous light tank for close support and communication between infantry and the SU-76M crew was simple due to the open crew compartment. This was extremely useful in urban combat where good teamwork between infantry and AFVs is a key to success. Although the open compartment was highly vulnerable to small arms fire and hand grenades, it very often saved the crew’s lives in the case of a hit by a Panzerfaust, whose concussion blast would mean death in an enclosed vehicle[citation needed].

The SU-76M was effective against any medium or light German tank. It could also knock out the Panther tank with a flank shot, but the ZiS-3 gun was not sufficient against Tiger tanks. Soviet manuals for SU-76M crews usually instructed the gunner to aim for the tracks or gun barrel against Tigers. To improve the SU-76M’s anti-armour capabilities, armour-piercing composite rigid (APCR) and hollow charge projectiles were introduced. This gave the SU-76M a better chance against heavily armoured German vehicles. A low profile, a low noise signature and good mobility were other advantages of the SU-76M. This was ideal for organizing ambushes and sudden flank or rear strikes in close combat, where the ZiS-3 gun was sufficient against most German armoured fighting vehicles.

The maximum elevation angle of the ZiS-3 was the greatest amongst all other Soviet self-propelled guns. The maximum indirect fire distance was nearly 17 km. SU-76Ms were sometimes used as light artillery vehicles (like the German Wespe) for bombardments and indirect fire support. However the power of the 76.2 mm shells was not sufficient in many cases.

The SU-76M was the single Soviet vehicle able to operate in swamps with minimal support from engineers. During the Belarus liberation campaign in 1944 it was extremely useful for organizing sneak attacks through swamps; bypassing heavy German defenses on firmer ground. Usually only lightly armed infantry could pass through large swampy areas. With SU-76M support, Soviet soldiers and engineers could effectively destroy enemy strongpoints and continue to advance.

The SU-76M had a large number of ammunition types. They included armour-piercing (usual, with ballistic nose and subcaliber hyper-velocity), hollow charge, high explosive, fragmentation, shrapnel and incendiary projectiles. This made the SU-76M a true multi-purpose light armoured fighting vehicle.

One famous crewman was Rem Nikolaevich Ulanov. In his younger days he was a mechanic-driver and later a commander of a SU-76. He and some other soldiers called their SU-76 Columbina after the female Renaissance Italian Commedia dell’Arte personage.

After World War II, the SU-76 was used by Communist forces in the Korean War.

Designed 1942
Produced1942–1945
Number built~14,292 (13,932 SU-76M & 360 SU-76)
Specifications
Weight10,600 kg (23,320 lb)
Length4.88 m (16 ft)
Width2.73 m (8 ft 11 in)
Height2.17 m (7 ft 1 in)
Crew4
ArmorFront: 35 mm (1.4 in)
Side: 16 mm (0.63 in)
Main armament76 mm (2.99 in) ZIS-3Sh gun
Engine2×GAZ-203 engines 170 hp (126 kW)
Power/weight17 hp/tonne
Suspensiontorsion bar
Operationalrange320 km (200 miles)
Speed45 km/h (28 mph)

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