Nokia’s Rise In The Mobile Industry

Nokia’s origins, astonishing as it may sound, lie in the paper, cable and rubber industries. A Finnish Engineer by the name of Fredrik Idestam started a paper mill near the river Nokianvirta, in southern Finland and soon discovered success with the rising requirement for paper all through the industrial revolution. Soon after, Finnish Rubber Works was set up in the same area, choosing Nokia as a brand name for many of its rubber products including footwear and tires. It invested sensibly and purchased majority shares in Finnish Cable Works, a firm set up in the early twentieth century, which discovered success in the post World War II period due to a rising requirement for telephone and electric cable.

The real start of Nokia’s mobile business can be traced to 1960 when Finnish Cable Works formed its first electronics branch, whose first goal was to promote and run computers. Soon after, Finnish Cable Works and Finnish Rubber Works joined to create the Nokia Group. At this time the electronics division contributed less than five percent of total revenues and it was not until the eighties that Nokia’s mobile venture really began to rise.

The era of mobile phones began in 1981 when the original international cellular network, Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT), was created and Europe had by then deregulated its telecommunication industry. Morbia Oy, a joint venture between Nokia and a major Finnish television producer, launched its first portable phone, the Morbia Talkman, followed by the Morbia Cityman, the principal hand held phone that could be used on the Nordic network. By the end of the 1980s Nokia was well positioned to manage the world in mobile communication.

The initial part of the 1990s witnessed the birth of the Global System for Mobile Communication or GSM and Nokia was used to make the first GSM call yet. It was at this time that Nokia’s main leadership decided to intentionally concentrate mainly on telecommunication and disassemble its other extraneous divisions. The period was a significant one for Nokia with crucial occasions such as the debut of its first GSM phone, the debut of the famous Nokia Tune and Snake game and the debut of the world’s first Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) phone equipped to browse the internet. But most significantly, Nokia was now the comprehensive leader in the mobile phone business having effectively introduced several well renowned models.

Nokia sustained its lead in the twenty first century with the debut of its principal 3G phone in 2002. 3G services permitted mobile users to acquire more innovative services including wireless internet and video calls. Gaming and multimedia had also become a huge industry and Nokia included multiplayer gaming options in its more innovative phones like the N-Gage, while the well-liked N series serviced the wide range of video and audio requirements of its devoted consumers. By 2005 Nokia had sold above one billion phones almost half the number of global cellular subscriptions of two billion.

Now Nokia is well-known as the one of the most valued makes worldwide with thriving businesses in mobile phones, wireless data services, multimedia terminals and telecommunication networks. It has unceasingly brought in contemporary services like the Ovi, a website which lets users to download helpful Nokia applications and save and move digital data, through the years to improve the consumer experience. No wonder thousands of Nokia consumers across the planet look at it not just as a mobile phone, but a way of life.

Nokia has and permanently will be Oliver’s most admired mobile phone.

Mobile Communication
Image by Albany Associates

Related Mobile Communication Articles


The Rise And Benefits Of The Mobile Communication Sector In Pakistan

For numerous years, Pakistan’s population was serviced by a shabby and poorly run telecom network. Installation and fixing of landlines was an unnecessarily worrying experience with consumers making quite a few trips to the complaint centers before any problem could be effectively fixed. Poor quality, expensive local and international calling prices and mismanagement all made Pakistan Telecom one of the most lowly regarded utilities in Pakistan. But all that became history with the deregulation of the telephone sector in Pakistan in the new millennium.

The initiative, which was meant to assist mostly the masses and small businesses in Pakistan, paid off past any hopes. The substantial population of greater than a hundred and fifty million Pakistanis was a profitable incentive for mobile and cellular firms all over the globe and in spite of licenses being handed to a good many notable international corporations, the pie was profitable enough for everybody to take pleasure in and gain substantially.

Cellular call prices plummeted quickly as the competition became more severe and services like incoming calls, which were previously charged heftily, soon became free. Other services like text or SMS messages became really cheap and emerged as a new found and highly frequent way of interaction. Teenagers and old people alike just could not get their fill. To further appeal to a younger subscriber base, special low prices were charged for late night calls with more reductions available for a personally picked number on the same set-up. Internet surfing capacity on cell phones and picture messaging soon made their debut as well.

At approximately the same time, cell phone know-how improved tremendously, allowing cell phone users to carry smaller sized, more manageable phones that were fairly economical. Popular phones like Samsung, LG, Blackberry, Apple’s iPhone, Sony Ericsson and Nokia were all easily available and there was a cell phone to meet any and every consumer’s wants and price range. Chains of cell phone sellers were set up all over the major cities with the up-to-the-minute technology affordable a couple of months after their worldwide debut. Chinese and resold stolen phones were also common at significantly lower prices with total malls geared towards the sale of similar kinds of phones. Those people, who had not subscribed to a land line in their life, now had access to economical and consistent cell phone communication.

Cellular phone corporations presented consumers with a good many pricing preferences and packages. A large number of companies provided a pre-paid and post-paid billing preference, with many convenient locations to pay for bills or buy credit. Scratch cards were broadly circulated and were affordable in nearly all retails markets, large and small. Small service providers like painters and gardeners, who were now carrying cell phones, could be found anywhere and saw their business multiply by a considerable amount. Very swiftly a cell phone became an important part of regular life. It was regarded simple and an important way to communicate in case of emergencies.

The cell phone telecommunication sector soon raced ahead of the usual cable based fixed lines in terms of subscription and share. So rapid was the expansion that Pakistan was at one time the fastest growing telecommunication business globally. Competition between the main firms forced not only mobile phone communication prices to remain low but also tremendously improved the services provided by Pakistan Telecommunications.

The subscribers were not the solitary beneficiaries of the telecommunication expansion in Pakistan. The business to the government from this sector rose greatly as well. Cellular phone communication providers are stretching out into connected technologies, such as wireless high speed internet, as well. This means more business for these corporations and superior prices and service dependability for the users. With new and used PCs becoming commonly available and economical, it looks as if the subsequent technological revolution in Pakistan is Pakistan is going to be as impressive.

Oliver effectively utilizes his mobile phone to better manage work and to remember appointments.

Mobile Communication Technologies
Mobile Communication
Image by sandraschoen
Introduction into E-Learning Technologies – part: Mobile Learning


Rise of Mobile Web

Five years back, smartphones and iPhones were a luxury limited to business hotshots and swanky entrepreneurs. But not anymore! Today, smartphones are being used by even the common man. And mind you it’s not just the talking and texting that today’s common man is doing with smartphones. He is accessing internet through it – popularly called the mobile web.

Wiki states that the usage of mobile web has increased from 4% in December 2010 to 10.5% in June 2012. A research by International Data Corporation (IDC) revealed that the total number of mobile web users grew from 2 billion in 2010 to 2.7 billion in 2015 – a growth of 16.6% CAGR.

What these figures indicate is that the mobile usage has skyrocketed in the past 2 years. And with this growth, the mobile web has risen to new heights. Enterprises are looking at mobile as a potential business platform. They are making their websites and applications mobile compatible. Technologies like HTML5 and CSS are making mobile apps development cross-browser compatible.

A quick overview revealed that today’s mobile users are using mobile web for variety of things.

Mobile Communication: Mobile communication includes email, instant messaging, Skype access, video streaming, etc. Email tops the chart in terms of mobile web usage. Popular interactive apps like Skype have enhanced the business value of mobile web.

Social Networking: Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn have all found takers on mobile. People are now updating their status, sharing photos, leaving comments, and connecting with their friends through mobile web.

M-Commerce: Online shopping through mobile compatible websites and apps is another popular activity of mobile web. There is a niche class of people who are buying things on-the-go through mobiles. Simplified checkout processes of m-commerce have further driven users to m-commerce.

M-Payment: Payment gateways, fund transfer processes, and banking transactions have become mobile friendly. Day by day the number of people using mobile platform for financial transactions is on the rise.

M-Search: Interestingly the number of search hits on mobile web is predicted to soon overtake the number of PC based search hits. Reason – the easy availability and convenience of operating a mobile device.

Location / Preference Based Services: The on-the-go workforce of enterprises is using location based services of mobile web. They are setting their preferences to location, gender, age, profession, etc to get info on new cities, products, services, and whatnot. They are using maps, mobile GPS, weather forecast apps, etc.

It is interesting to note that mobile web has grown tremendously in a comparatively very short time. Industry thought leaders also are of the opinion that mobile web has earned a definitive edge over PC based web. This growth is fueled by factors like:

* Easy access and convenience of using mobile
* No booting time lapse as compared to laptops and PCs
* Lower costs of buying high-end smartphones
* The unimaginably large number of mobile users
* Developer fraternity’s fascination with mobile platform
* Large number of mobile compliant web apps

However, just like any other platform mobile is also fraught with certain challenges. The most common ones are limited screen size and cross platform compatibility of apps. Small screen size of mobile devices means limited visibility of web apps. You need to either condense the design or add a scroll which is again not advisable. However HTML 5 seems to have answered this challenge. With HTML 5 we can now develop websites with flexible width.

Secondly, we have different mobile platforms like Android, iOS, Windows Mobile etc. A web app developed for one platform may not work on the other. This limits the usage of an app to a class of platform users. But again here we have technologies like PhoneGap that are enabling cross-platform development.

With all said and done, there is a unanimous industry-wide consensus that there is no stopping mobile web now. The time is right to jump the bandwagon with mobile compatible web apps. The future is bright and promising.

Radix offers custom mobile application development at competitive rates. You can also hire mobile application developer or team as per your requirement. For more details contact us now at http://rndinfo.com/

Mobile Communication
Mobile Communication
Image by Stephen Poff
Part of my on the road photoblog from Thanksgiving 2009